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Fordham Urban Law Journal


The age of an alleged criminal offender undoubtedly affects his or her ability to appreciate the consequences of confessing to criminal behavior. Courts have long accepted that youth and inexperience impact an individual's ability to make a voluntary confession. Accordingly, this Article addresses whether Miranda v. Arizona--the seminal Fifth Amendment decision providing procedural rights to those enduring custodial interrogation--should apply to students interrogated by school officials during school hours. To answer this difficult question, this Article first provides a brief overview of the law of minors and confessions. Next, it considers the increasing law enforcement presence on our school campuses and evaluates how this presence affects the role of school officials. Finally, the high level of cooperation between law enforcement and school officials in criminal law enforcement is considered to determine whether Miranda should apply in the principal's office.

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