The Role of Data Sharing in Transboundary Waterways: The Case of the Helmand River Basin

Document Type

Book Section

Publication Date

1-2024

ISBN

978-3031433757

DOI

10.1007/978-3-031-43376-4_10

Abstract

While data and information exchanges theoretically play an effective role in the decision-making process of a shared watercourse, in practice, there are several challenges that prevent riparians from sharing data in an effective and cooperative manner. This chapter seeks to assess why the riparian nations of the Helmand River have failed to adopt an effective data exchange mechanism although both nations signed an internationally recognized bilateral water treaty in 1973. Applying a mixed study approach, the study draws on the theory of planned behavior (TPB) to interpret the main obstacles of data sharing between Afghanistan, the upstream state, and Iran, the downstream state, of the Helmand River Basin. Using both secondary literature data and stakeholder interviews, this research found a number of specific factors that impede the ability of the riparian nations of the Helmand River to share data and information, such as national security, political instability, lack of capacity, negative emotions, pride, and historical factors. Our research suggests that these underlying elements have been under-estimated in the TPB models of data sharing at the transboundary level. Thus, borrowing from Wehn’s model (2003b), we have developed a modified version of TPB to unpack the challenges of data sharing between the riparian states of the Helmand River Basin.

First Page

165

Last Page

194

Num Pages

30

Series

Springer Water book series (SPWA)

Publisher

Springer

Editor

Kinga Szálkai & Máté Szalai

Book Title

Theorizing Transboundary Waters in International Relations

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