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Groundwater policy defines objectives, ambitions and priorities for managing groundwater resources, for the benefit of society. Planning translates policy into programmes of action. Both are often part of a wider water resource policy and planning framework, but the specific challenges pertaining to groundwater have traditionally received less attention than surface water.

The terms ‘policy,’ ‘strategy’ and ‘plans’ are used interchangeably in many countries and contexts.

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This report is published by UNESCO on behalf of UN-Water. The list of UN-Water Members and Partners can be found on the following website: This publication is available in Open Access under the Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 IGO (CC-BY-SA 3.0 IGO) license ( By using the content of this publication, the users accept to be bound by the terms of use of the UNESCO Open Access Repository ( en).

Book Title

he United Nations World Water Development Report 2022: Groundwater: Making the invisible visible

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UNESCO World Water Assessment Programme

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