Supreme Court Economic Review
We provide an interpretation based on consistent beliefs for the widely accepted observation that a criminal conviction generates more stigma than an administrative penalty. Implications for the criminalization of administrative noncompliance are discussed.
University of Chicago Press
Roberto Galbiati & Nuno Garoupa,
Keeping Stigma out of Administrative Law: An Explanation of Consistent Beliefs,
Sup. Ct. Econ. Rev.
Available at: https://scholarship.law.tamu.edu/facscholar/519