Advancements in drilling techniques have broadened possibilities for producing hydrocarbons; but the innovations of unconventional drilling have exacerbated existing threats that the oil and gas industry have posed to water resources while creating new challenges. In today's industry, conventional methods of drilling for free-flowing crude oil are playing a secondary role to unconventional oil and gas production capable of bringing hydrocarbons trapped in tight or previously inaccessible geologic formations. Compared to conventional production, unconventional methods use much greater amounts of water in chemical-laden processes that can impact the availability and purity of freshwater resources in concentrated localities where those mineral reserves are clustered.
Mineral Law Series
Water Acquisition and Management for Oil & Gas Development: Legal and Regulatory Requirements
Rocky Mountain Mineral Law Foundation
Permission to post this chapter on our institutional repository was obtained from the publisher. To access the entire book, visit Rocky Mountain Mineral Law Foundation Digital Library.
Jessica Foster & Gabriel Eckstein,
Framework of Surface and Ground Water in Oklahoma and Texas: Perspectives for Oil and Gas Development,
Available at: https://scholarship.law.tamu.edu/facscholar/1182